PA 8001 Ed 2013

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Embedded Systems Programming - Edition 2013

2014 Edition



Mohammad Mousavi

  • Office: E 305
  • Telephone 035 16 71 22
  • Email: []

Lab Instructor

Essayas Gebrewahid

  • Office: E 309
  • Telephone 035 16 73 27
  • Email: []


On completion of the course students will be able to

  • program embedded applications
  • understand and use a kernel to support concurrency, real-time and reactivity
  • design, structure and analyze programs for embedded systems
  • explain different mechanisms for communication and synchronization between processes
  • explain characteristics of real-time systems and constructions to deal with them in programs
  • compare, select and apply programming language constructs designed for concurrency and real-time


Taking part in the lab is mandatory and one cannot pass the course without doing the practicals. In addition, there will be a final written examination. During the lectures, some bonus questions will be asked, each of which will contribute 0.1 mark to the final mark (can come in handy when rounding up).

Past Examinations

Examination Date Questions Answers
April 2012 Questions Answers
August 2012 Questions Answers
November 2013 Questions Answers

Assessment Guide

Model Examination (with Solutions)

Course Material and Resources

Slides and Handouts

Lecture Slides / Handouts Notes Recommended Reading
Lecture 1: Introduction Slides Handouts Note the bonus question in the slides Chapter 1
Lecture 2: Memory-Mapped I/O Slides Handouts Chapter 15
Lecture 3: Concurrency (Motivation and Mutual Exclusion) Slides Handouts Note the bonus question in the slides Chapter 7
Lecture 4: Concurrency (Context Switch) Slides Handouts Chapter 8
Lecture 5: Reactivity (Reactive Objects) Slides Handouts Tiny Timber Documentation
Lecture 6: Reactivity (Synchrony and Asynchrony) Slides Handouts Tiny Timber Kernel Chapter 9
Lecture 7: Real Time (Periodic Tasks) Slides Handouts Note the bonus question in the slides Chapter 12
Lecture 8: Real Time (Deadlines) Slides Handouts Chapter 13
Lecture 9: Real Time (Schedulability) Slides Handouts Notes on the proof of Liu and Layland's theorem Liu and Layland paper
Lecture 10: Java Programming for Android (Basics) Slides Handouts

Step-by-step guide to the Hello World! application

Lecture 11: Java Programming for Android (UI and Concurrency) Slides Handouts
Lecture 12: Java Programming for Android (Communication and Services) Slides Handouts Step-by-step guide to the echo application

Practical Descriptions

Please note that the solutions to the practical have to be submitted via blackboard before the deadline.

Practical Description Deadline Notes
Practical 0: Introduction to C and AVR-Butterfly Description of Practical 0 September 10, 08:00AM Please note the Instructions (Section 2)

on how to submit.

Practical 1: Introduction to Concurrency Description of Practical 1 September 23, 08:00AM
Practical 2: Scheduling and Mutual Exclusion Description of Practical 2 September 26, 12:00AM
Practical 3: Reactive Objects and Real Time Description of Practical 3 October 7, 08:00AM
Practical 4: Android Programming (Fundamentals) Description of Practical 4 October 14, 08:00AM
Practical 5: Group Communication on Android Description of Practical 5 October 28, 08:00AM

Recommended Text

We will occasionally use / refer to parts of the following book:

Alan Burns and Andy Wellings, Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (4th Ed.), Addison Wesley, 2009.

The book is an optional resource for the course. If you want to have your own copy, you can order it, for example, from Amazon.

AVR Butterfly

For the first half of the course, we will use the AVR Butterfly board. The boards will be provided at the lab and you will have access to the lab even outside lab hours. However, if you would like to have your own AVR Butterfly, you need the board (e.g., from Atmel Webshop) and the AVT ISP MKII connector (e.g., from Atmel Webshop).


The present edition is based on the earlier editions of the course given by Veronica Gaspes. Also, the material provided by Johan Nordlander has been essential in the set up of this course.

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